通用物流及貿易作業術語

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通用物流及貿易作業術語
COMMON SHIPPING & TRADING ABBREVIATIONS

0-9
3PL3rd Party Logistics第叁方物流
4PL4th Party Logistics第四方物流
4SC4-High Straddle Carrier集裝箱高跨車吊具
A
A/WAdvance Commercial Information全水路(主要指由美國西岸中轉至東岸或內陸點的貨物的運輸方式)
ACIAdvance Commercial Information System use in Canada 加拿大使用之報關系統
AMSAutomated Manifest System System use in U.S美國使用之報關系統
APECAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation亞太經濟合作組織
APIApplication Programming Interface程式設定介面
ARENAAsia North America Eastbound Rate Agreement亞洲北美東向運輸協會
AS/RSAutomated Storage and Retrieval System自動化存儲和修復系統操作
AWBAir Waybill空運提單
B
B2BBusiness to Business企業與企業之間的交易
B2CBusiness to Customer企業與客戶之間的交易
BAFBunker Adjustment Factor燃油附加費
B/BBreak Bulk散件卸貨
BCOBeneficial Cargo Owner貨物擁有者權益
BIMCOThe Baltic and International Maritime Council波羅的海國際海運公會
B/LBill of Lading海運提單
BPOBusiness Process Outsourcing企業外判程序

Boned Warehouse

保稅倉庫

C
CAFCurrency Adjustment Factor市值附加費
CBMCubic Metre立方米
C&FCost and Freight成本和運費
CCCarbon Copy抄送
CDMACode Division Multiple Address分發(部門)若干位址編碼
CEPACloser Economic Partnership Arrangement更緊密經貿關系的安排
CFMCubic Feet per Minute每分鐘的立方米
CFSContainer Freight Station集裝箱貨運站
CGICommon Gateway InterfaceCGI 介面
CIFCost , Insurance and Freight成本和運費兼付保險費
CILTThe Chartered Institute Logistics and Transport英國特許物流運輸學會
CIMThe Chartered Institute of Marketing英國特許市務學會
CIPCarriage and Insurance Paid To兼付指定運費及保險費
CLPContainer Load Plan集裝箱/裝載計劃表
C/OCertificate of Origin產地來源證
C.O.C.Carrier’s Own Container船東提供集裝箱
C.O.D.Cash On Delivery交貨付現
COFCContainer-on-flatcar集裝箱輸送
CPTCarriage Paid To兼付指定運費
CSCInternational Convention for Sale Container對安全容器的國際規定
CYContainer Yard集裝箱堆場

Customs Broker

報關行

Customs Declaration

報關

D
D/ADocument Against Acceptance承兌交單
DAFDelivery at Frontier貨交邊境
DDCDestination Delivery Charge目的地提貨費
DOCDocument Charges文件費
DDPDelivered Duty Paid完稅后交貨
DDUDelivered Duty Unpaid未完稅交貨
DESDelivered Ex-Ship貨交指定港口船上
DEQDelivered ex-Quay貨交指定港口倉庫
D.GDangerous Goods危險品貨物
D/ODelivery Order出貨單
D/PDocument Against Payment付款交單
DPPDamage Protection Plan集裝箱損壞保險
DRPDistribution Resources Planning分發資源計劃
D/RDock Receipt碼頭收貨單
E
EDIElectronic Data Interchange電子資源傳遞
E.&O.E.Errors and Omissions Excepted錯誤和遺漏不在此限
ERMEnterprise Resources Management企業資源管理
EPSEquipment Position Surcharges設備位置附加費
ERPEnterprise Resources Planning企業資源計劃
ETAEstimated Time of Arrival預定到達時間
ETDEstimated Time of Departure預定出發時間
EXWEx-Works到戶取貨

Export Supervised Warehouse

出口監管倉庫

F
FAFFuel Adjustment Factor燃料附加費
FAKFreight All Kinds同一費率
FASFree Alongside Ship船邊交貨
FB/LFIATA Combined Transport Bill of Lading國際運輸商協會聯運提單
FCLFull Container Load整箱集裝
FCRForwarder's Cargo Receipt貨運承運人領貨單
FEFCFar East Freight Conference遠東(歐洲)運費公會
FEUForty Feet Equivalent Unit40英尺標準集裝箱計算單位
F.I.Free In船方負責裝船費用
FIATAInternational Federation of Forwarding Agent Associations國際貨運代理協會聯合會
FIFOFirst-in, First-out貨物先進倉和先出倉的安排
F.I.O.Free In and Out船方不負責裝卸費
FIOSTFree In, Out, Stowed & Trimmed船方不負責裝船、卸船、理艙及平艙費用
FMCFederal Maritime Commission美國聯邦海事委員會
FOBFree On Board離岸價格
FOCFlag of Convenience方便旗
F.OFree Out船方不負責卸船費用
F.O.R.Free On Rail火車上交貨
F.O.T.Free On Truck貨車上交貨
F/RFlat Rack Container平板集裝箱
FRCFuel Recovery Charge恢復燃料費
FTPFile transfer Protocol檔案傳輸協定
FTZFree Trade Zones自由貿易區
G
GDPGross Domestic Product國民生產總值
GRIGeneral Rate Increasing全部費率調高
GSAGeneral Sales Agent總銷售代理
GSCGlobal Supply Chain全球供應鏈
GWTGross Weight毛重
H
HAFFAHong Kong Association of Fregiht Forwarding and Logistics Ltd.香港貨運物流業協會有限公司
HAWBHouse Air Waybill代理行空運提單
H/HHalf Height Container半高集裝箱
I
I/GIn Gauge貨物尺寸沒有超高超寬
IADAIntra Asia Discussion Agreement亞洲集裝箱運輸研討協定
I.A.RatesIndependent Action rates獨立等級價格
IATAInternational Air Transport Association國際航空運輸協會
IBCIntermediate Bulk Container中型液體集裝箱
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organization國際民用航空組織
ICCInternational Chamber of Commerce國際商會
ICPInternet Content provider聯網內容供應商
ICTInformation and Communications Technology資訊和通訊技術
IMDGInternational Maritime Dangerous Goods Code國際危險的商品代碼
IMOInternational Maritime Organization國際海事組織
IncotermsInternational Commercial Terms國際貿易術語
IPInternet Protocol國際網路議定書
IPIInterior Point Intermodal經美國西岸入內陸運輸
IRAInformal Rate Agreement非正式運價協定
ISDNIntegrated Server Digital Network綜合服務數字網路
ISOInternational Standard Organization國際標準化組織
ISPInternet Service Provider網路供應商
ISPSInternational Ship and Port Facility Security國際船舶與港口保安設備規則

J

JIT

Just in Time

準時制

L
LASHLigther Aboard Ship集裝箱子母船
LANLocal Area Networking本區域網路
L/CLetter of Credit信用證
LCLLess (than) container load開箱散貨
L/GLetter of Guarantee保函
L.I.Liner Inward入口航線
LILOLast-in, Last-out貨物后進倉和后出倉的安排
L.I.OLiner In and Out船方負責裝卸費,但不包碼頭費
L.O.ALength Overall全長
Lo-Lo shipLift-on Lift-off ship吊裝船
LNGLiquefied Natural Gas液化天然氣
LPGLiquefied Petroleum Gas液化石油氣
LT(Lead Time) Time between placing and receiving an order訂貨到交貨日期
LTLLess-than-truckload散貨拼車
M
M/TMeasurement Ton尺碼噸(即貨物收費以尺碼計費)
MB/LMaster Bill of Lading船車單
MTDmultimode Transport Document多式聯運單據
MAWBMaster Air Waybill空運提單
MLBMainland Bridge大陸橋運輸模式
MLOMain Line Operators遠洋船公司
MRPMaterial Requirements Planning材料需要計劃
M/SMotor Ship輪船
MSDSMaterial Safety Data Sheet材料安全資料表
MTOMultimode Transport Operator聯運商
N
N/ANot Applicable/Not Available不適用 / 無資料
NAPNetwork Access Point網路途經點
N.O.E.Not Otherwise Enumerated除非另有列名
N.O.SNot Otherwise Specified除非另有指定
NVOCCNon Vessel Operating Common Carrier無船舶公共承運商
O
OCPOverland Common Point內睦公共交貨點
OEMOriginal Equipment Manufacturer原產商
O/FOcean Freight海運費
O/HOver Height超出正常高度
ORCOrigin Receiving Charge始發港付加費
O/SOpen Side Container開邊集裝箱
O/TOpen Top Container開頂集裝箱
O/WOver Width超出正常闊度
P
PCSPort Congestion Surcharge港口擠塞附加費
P&I ClubProtection and Indemnity Club英國標準保賠金
PODPort of Discharge卸貨港
POLPort of Loading裝貨港
POPPoint of Presence存在的點
PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol點對點的草案
PRDPearl River Deta珠江叁角洲
PSSPeak Season Surcharge季節附加費
R
RFReefer Container冷藏集裝箱
RFPRequest For proposal書面建議要求
RFQRequest For Quotation書面報價要求
RFRCRail Fuel Recovery Charge軌道燃料恢復費用
Ro-Ro ShipRoil-on Roil-off ship滾裝船
RRSRate Restoration Surcharge比率修復附加費
R/TRevenue Tons計費噸
S
SANStorage Area Network網路存儲

SCM

Supply Chain Management

供應鏈管理

SETSecure Electronic Transaction安全電子交易
SKUStork Keeping Unit儲備保持的單位
SMESmall and Medium-size Enterprises中、小型企業
S/O / S/IShipping Order/Shipping Instruction付貨通知單 / 落貪紙
S.O.CShipper's Own Container付貨人所屬集箱
SQLStructure Query Language架構疑問語
S/CSales Confirmation銷售確認書 (Sales Contract) 銷售合同
S/SSteamship汽輪船
SSLSecure Socket Layer付款加密法
S.T.C.Said To Contain據報內裝
T
TACATransatlantic Conference Agreement跨大西洋公會協定
TCPTransmission Control Protocol傳輸控制草案
TEUTwenty-foot Equivalent Unit20英尺標準集裝箱計算單位
T.H.CTerminal Handing Charge碼頭操作費
TMSTransportation Managemeant System運輸管理系統
TOFCTrailer-on-Flatcar集裝箱車架輸送
TQCTotal Quality Control全面品質控制
TQMTotal Quality Management全面品質管理
T.R.STerminal Receiving Station碼頭收貨站
TSATranspacific Stabilization Agreement跨太平洋穩定協議
T/STranshipment Port轉口港
TSRTrans Siberian Railway西伯利亞大鐵路
TTTelegraphic Transfer電匯
T/TTransit Time航程
TVCTime Volume Contract時間貨量合同
TWRATranspacific Westbound Rate Agreement泛太平洋西向運費協會
U
UCP500Uniform Customs and practice for Documentary Credits跟單信用證統一慣例和實務
ULCCUltra Large Crude Carrier50萬噸油輸
UNCTADUnided Nations Conference of Trade and Development聯合國貿發會議
V
V.A.TValue Added Tax增值稅
VHFVery High Frequency甚高頻
VLCCVery Large Crude Carrier20萬噸油輪
VMIVendor Managed Inventory供應商的存貨管理系統
V.O.W.Vehicle On Wheel可駕駛的車輛
VOCVessel Operation Carrier船舶承運商
VOYVessle航次
VPNVirtual Private Network虛擬網路
VSLVessel輪船
W
W/MWeight or Measurement ton即以重量噸或者尺碼噸從高收費
W/TWeight Ton重量噸(即貨物收費以重量計費)
WAPWireless Appreciation Protocol無線應(運)用草案
WCSWireless Communications Service無線通信服務
WMSWarehouse Managemant System倉庫管理系統
W.R.War Risks兵險
WTOWorld Trade Organization世界貿易組織
W.W.Warehouse Warrant倉單
Y
YASYen Appreciate Surcharge日圓調整費
YASYard Surcharges碼頭附加費

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